Primary challenges (ages 5-11)

Typically completed by 5-11 year olds, CREST Star and SuperStar challenges relate to everyday experiences. Children complete eight activities to gain a CREST Award, with each activity taking between 45 minutes and one hour to complete.

The activities are designed to be easy-to-run and low-cost. You don’t need to be a teacher, have a science background or have access to specialist equipment to run them. The packs contain helpful hints and tips for you to use, explaining the scientific themes and offering guidance on conversation topics for your children.

There are more CREST approved resources that have been developed by our partners and providers specific to your region.

To browse the packs, click the buttons below or scroll down.

5 years ago

All SuperStar challenges

  • Text
  • Handson
  • Stem
  • Challenges
  • Discussion
  • Explore
  • Create
  • Experiment
  • Investigate
  • Toothpaste
  • Materials
  • Glue
  • Tomato
  • Yoghurt
  • Superstar
The activities in this pack have been selected from our library of CREST SuperStar challenges. Children need to complete eight challenges to achieve a CREST SuperStar Award. If you want, you can mix and match challenges from different packs, as long as children complete eight SuperStar challenges. This resource is published under an Attribution - non-commercial - no derivatives 4.0 International creative commons licence (

Tomato Sauce

Tomato Sauce Organiser’s Card TOMATO SAUCE About the activity This activity is designed to get children thinking about thickness of liquids (viscosity). Startown Sensational Sauces have had a few complaints about their new tomato sauce. Some find it too thick, some too thin. Can the investigators help to find the perfect level of thickness? Through this activity you will support your group to: • Think about what thickness sauce should be TOMATO SAUCE • Test and experiment with different thicknesses to help decide which is best • Record their results and create a story or interview about the results Kit list • Real tomato sauces • Fake tomato sauce (alternative to real sauce for testing) - very thick wallpaper paste without fungicide with red food dye added – follow mixing instructions carefully • Disposable cups for sauce samples • Rulers, timers • Plastic teaspoons and/or pipettes • Funnels with different sized spouts or plastic bottles cut in half • Plastic aprons and disposable gloves TOMATO SAUCE

What to do 1. Read the ACTIVITY CARD to familiarise yourself with the activity. 2. Check the Kit list including making the basic ‘tomato sauce’ recipe and ensure you have the necessary resources. 3. Set the scene by discussing the story and show the children some tomato sauce bottles. 4. Give out a small amount of tomato sauce and let the children talk about the questions on the card. 5. Get some quick feedback or go straight on to planning the investigation. 6. Give children some time to talk about how they might test different samples. There are ideas on the card that they can choose from. 7. Check that they have thought about keeping notes but don’t spend a lot of time recording results. You could prepare blank grids for them if it would help. 8. Remind them about safety. 9. Give out the real and/or fake sauce. Remind them that they need to test different thickness of sauce. Let the children make the different thicknesses themselves (they could add water to the sauces to try this). 10. Encourage them to try whichever tests they think are appropriate. 11. Give them time to talk about what they have found out and to demonstrate what they think is the best thickness for the sauce. 12. They could write a story about being a scientist testing tomato sauce in the Startown Sensational Sauces laboratory. Alternatively they could interview each other as if they were scientists at the factory. 14. There are extra challenges on the ACTIVITY CARD. These can be used if there is spare time or if children want to try out more ideas at home and earn a bonus sticker. Things to think about You can use real tomato sauce, but ‘fake sauce’ is a useful alternative (or use both). Encourage children to add a little water at a time to their ‘sauce’ to make a range of thicknesses. It needs to be mixed in well to get an even mixture. Restrict the amount of sauce that is used. If you give out a lot they will use a lot! Take it further How well tomato sauce flows (viscosity) can be tested in a machine called a Bostwick Consistometer. One regulation states that to get a high grade, the sauce must flow no more than 10 cm in 30 seconds along the flat surface of the Consistometer. This is tested at 20˚C. Tomato sauce contains many different ingredients: cooked and strained tomatoes, vinegar, sugar or another sweetener, salt, onion or garlic flavours, spices such as cinnamon, cloves, mace, allspice, nutmeg, ginger and pepper. TOMATO SAUCE Scientists work hard to make sure that the mix of ingredients and colour is right, to make high quality tomato sauce. Tomato sauce is also known as tomato ketchup, red sauce and catsup.

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Star level

Collections of one hour challenges recommended for children aged 5-7 years that relate to children’s everyday experiences. Find out more about this level and how to gain a CREST Award on the CREST Star page.

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SuperStar level

Collections of one hour challenges recommended for children aged 7-11 years that realate to broader situations that children are likely to have come across. Find out more about this level and how to gain a CREST Award on the CREST SuperStar page.

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